The Second Alabama Cavalry Regiment was organized at Montgomery on 1 May 1862. It proceeded to West Florida and operated there about ten months, engaging in several skirmishes. Ordered to north Mississippi, the regiment was placed with Gen’l Ruggles. It then lost 8 men in a skirmish at Mud Creek. It was then placed in Gen’l Ferguson’s Brigade and operated in the Tennessee Valley, taking part in numerous skirmishes. The 2nd fought Union Grierson at Okalona with a loss of about 70 men killed and wounded; then it harassed Union Gen’l William T. Sherman on his march to and from Mississippi.
Joining Gen’l Wheeler, the 2nd performed hazarduous duty on the flank of the army in the Dalton-Atlanta campaign, losing a number of men in the battle on the 22nd of July at Atlanta. Having accompanied Gen’l John Bell Hood to Rome, the 2nd then fell on Sherman’s rear and skirmished almost daily with some losses. The regiment tracked Sherman to Greensboro, NC, then escorted President Jefferson Davis to Georgia. At Forsyth, in that state, the regiment surrendered its arms, about 450 men.
Field and staff officers: Cols. Fountain W. Hunter (Montgomery; relieved); Richard Gordon Earle (Calhoun; KIA, Kingston, GA); John N. Carpenter (Greene); Lt. Cols. James Cunningham (Monroe; resigned); John P. West (Shelby; resigned); J. N. Carpenter (promoted); Josiah J. Pegues (Tuscaloosa; wounded, Nickajack); Majors Mathew R. Marks (Montgomery; relieved); J. N. Carpenter (promoted); J. J. Pegues (promoted); Richard W. Carter (Butler); and Adjutant James M. Bullock (Greene).
History: Harriet Fitts Ryan. “The letters of Harden Perkins Cochrane, 1862-1864,” in Alabama Review, VII (1954), pp.277-294; VIII (1955), pp.55-70, 143-152, 219-228, and 277-290.
Company G, 2d Regiment of Alabama Cavalry
- Enlisted March 26, 1862 in Coosa County, Alabama by William P. Ashley. Supplied his own horse at a value of $200.
- Captured and Paroled at Headquarters, Sixteenth Army Corps, Montgomery, Alabama, May 24, 1865.
46th Alabama Infantry Regiment
The 46th Alabama Infantry was organized at Loachapoka, Alabama, on 20 May 1862. It recruited men from the counties of Blount, Coosa, Henry, Macon, Montgomery, Pike, and Randolph. Shortly after, it was sent to East Tennessee and had casualties in the fight at Tazewell. The regiment was in the march into Kentucky, in Gen’l Carter L. Stevenson’s Division, but it did no fighting. When the Army returned to Tennessee, the 46th was placed in Gen’l Thomas H. Taylor’s Brigade with the 20th, 23rd, 30th, and 31st Alabama, under Gen’l Edward D. Tracy. In December, with all of Stevenson’s Division, the regiment was sent to Mississippi. In the battle of Port Gibson, where its brigadier fell, the regiment suffered severely. A few days later, it was engaged at Baker’s Creek (Champion’s Hill), again with many casualties, and where half of the regiment was captured, including the field officers. The remainder were besieged in Vicksburg and were captured with the fortress. Losses there were 15 k and 45 w. Exchanged and then eorganized at Demopolis, AL, with Gen’l Edmund Pettus in command of the brigade, the 46th rejoined the Army of Tennessee. It lost considerably at Lookout Mountain and Missionary Ridge and made winter quarters at Dalton, GA, with an effective force of 367 men and 266 arms. It was engaged at Crow’s Valley, with several casualties, and it was involved in almost constant fighting from Dalton to Atlanta. At Jonesboro, it suffered many casualties. Then, marching with Gen’l John Bell Hood into Tennessee, it was one of the three regiments that made the brilliant fight at Columbia, where its losses were considerable. The 46th lost several k and w at Nashville, and quite a number were captured. It was the rear guard on the retreat and was complimented by Gen’l Hood in special orders for its services then. Transferred to North Carolina, the 46th was engaged at Kinston and Bentonville, with severe loss in the latter. The regiment was consolidated with the 23rd and 31st Alabama regiments, 9 April 1865, at Smithfield, NC, with J. B. Bibb of Montgomery as colonel, (Col. Woods was transferred to the 19th Alabama), Osceola Kyle as lt. col, and J. T. Hester of Montgomery as major. The 46th, now designated the 23rd Alabama, was surrendered at Salisbury by Major George E. Brewer, who had commanded it for two years, with no more than 75 men. Field and staff officers: Col. Michael L. Woods (Montgomery; captured at Baker’s Creek); Lt. Col. Osceola Kyle (Coosa; captured at Baker’s Creek); Major James M. Handley (Randolph; captured at Baker’s Creek); and Adjutants William S. Turner (Montbomery; resigned); Thomas Riggs (Dallas; KIA, Baker’s Creek); Lt. House (Coosa; acting; KIA, Vicksburg); A. J. Brooks (Coosa; wounded, Kennesaw); Lt. George McFarland (acting; KIA, Jonesboro)
Francis M. Finch
Company C, 46th Regiment of Alabama Infantry
Elected as 4th Sergeant upon formation in Coosa County, Alabama
Hilliard’s Legion was organized with three infantry, one artillery, and one cavalry battalion, consisting of about 3,000 men, at Montgomery, 25 June 1862. The 5th Cavalry Battalion transferred to the 10th Confederate Cavalry Regiment on 30 Dec 1862. The Legion was broken up and divided as the 59th and 60th Alabama Infantry Regiments, and the 23rd Sharpshooters Battalion, 25 November 1863. The first commander was Col. Henry Washington Hilliard (1808-1892, a North Carolina lawyer and Alabama legislator), and the field officers were: Cols. A. H. Bradford and Jack Thorington. Additional information can be found in Lewellyn Shaver / A History of the 60th Alabama Regiment, Gracie’s Alabama Brigade.
2nd Battalion, Hilliard’s Legion The 2nd Infantry Battalion was organized with six companies at Montgomery on 25 June 62. It was consolidated with the 4th Artillery Battalion and designated as the 59th Infantry Regiment at Charleston, TN, 25 Nov., ’63. Its field officers were Col. Bolling Hall, jr., and Major William T. Stubblefield. The unit’s assignments were as for the 1st Battalion except that for the period Dec. 62-March 63 the unit was assigned to Gracie’s Brigade, Dept. of East Tennessee. The Battalion fought at Chicamauga (19-20 Sept., 63) and the Siege of Chattanooga (Sept.-Nov 63).
The 59th Alabama Infantry Regiment was formed by the consolidation of the Second and Fourth Battalions of Hilliard’s Legion. The Legion was organized at Montgomery, 25 June 1862, and consisted of five battalions , one of which was mounted, and being detached in a short time thereafter, became part of the Tenth Confederate Regiment. The Second Battalion, six companies, was commanded by Lt. Col. Bolling Hall of Autauga and Major W. Stubblefield of Coosa; the Fourth Battalion was commanded by major John D. McLennan of Barbour. The Legion proceeded to East Tennessee, nearly 3000 strong, under its commander, Col. Hilliard of Montgomery. Proceeding to Cumberland Gap, it was part of the force that besieged that position. In October, the Legion was a part of the force that occupied Kentucky, a fatiguing march. It passed the winter and summer following in East Tennessee, during which time Col. Jack Thorington of Montgomery (First Battalion) succeeded Col. Hillards, and in April 1863 it was attached to Gen’l Gracie’s Brigade. The Legion was in the Battle of Chickamauga where it lost more than half its number; the flag of the Second Battalion, for example, had 81 bullet holes. Moving into East Tennessee, Col. Thorington having resigned, the Legion was divided into the 59th and 60th Alabama Regiments, and 23rd Battalion, at Charleston, 25 Nov 1863. The 59th was in the investment of Knoxville and the fights at Dandridge and Bean’s Station, with some casualties, especially at the latter. In April 1864, the regiment reached Richmond and shortly after took part in the battle of Drewry’s Bluff and the fight with Sheridan. From June until the March following, the 59th was in the trenches of Petersburg or in the numerous conflicts on the flank and rear of the army, losing a number at Hatcher’s Run and White Oaks Road. As part of Gordon’s Corps, Bushrod Johnston’s Division, the regiment was engaged at Appomattox and there surrendered.
Field and Staff Officers: Col. Bolling Hall, jr. (Autauga; wounded, Chickamauga, Drewry’s Bluff); Lt. Cols. John D. McLennan (Barbour; KIA, Drewry’s Bluff); George W. Huguley (Chambers); Majors George W. Huguley (promoted); Lewis H. Crumpler (Coosa); and Adjutant Crenshaw Hall (Autauga; wounded, Drewry’s Bluff)
Captains, and counties from which the companies came:
- Randolph: John C. Hendrix (died in service); S. E. A. Reaves (wounded, Drewry’s Bluff)
- Autauga: John F. Wise (resigned); John E. Hall (wounded, Petersburg)
- Tallapoosa: J. W. Dillard (died in service); John Porter
- Pike: E. L. McIntyre (resigned); John C. Henley
- Dale: W. H. Stuckey; W. J. Peacock
- Coosa: Lewis H. Crumpler (promoted); W. R. Davie
- Barbour: James Lang (wounded, twice)
- Butler: J. R. Glasgow (resigned); Louis Harrell (resigned); H. H.. Rutledge (KIA, Drewry’s Bluff); Zach Daniel (KIA, Hatcher’s Run)
- Butler: R. F. Manly (wounded, Drewry’s Bluff, Hatcher’s Run (and captured))
- Coosa: W. D. Walden (KIA, Chickamauga); R. H. Gulledge
History: James Heath Barrow / Word from Camp Pollard, C.S.A. (West Point, GA : Davidson, 1978)
2d Battalion, Hilliard’s Legion
Company C, 59th Regiment of Alabama Infantry
Enlisted May 5, 1862, Rockford, Coosa County, Alabama, by Captain Stubblefield.
Appointed to 3rd Corporal June 1863
Wounded and sent to hospital on May 10, 1864. Sent to Chimborazo Hospital, Richmond, Va.
Furloughed from Chimborazo Hospital on September 2, 1864
Note: The remainder of these records were illegible.
James A. Cranford
2d Battalion, Hilliard’s Legion
Company C, 59th Regiment of Alabama Infantry
Entered service with 2nd Battalion Hilliard’s Legion (later 59th Alabama Infantry) in 1862
Died at the Division Hospital, Fair Ground #2, Atlanta, GA October 1863
63rd Alabama Infantry Regiment
The 63rd Alabama Infantry Regiment was organized at Fort Blakely in July 1864 with men who were nearly all conscripted from various parts of the state (excepting men in Co.’s “A” and “B” and the officers, who were mostly veterans) and who had been designated the 2nd Regiment of Reserves. The regiment remained in the defenses of Mobile until ordered to Spanish Fort, three days before it was invested in March 1865. It was, with the 62nd Alabama, a part of Gen’l Thomas’ brigade, and it lost several killed and wounded during the first six days’ operations at Spanish Fort. Relieved and sent to Fort Blakely, the 63rd arrived there in time to endure the siege. After some loss, the regiment was captured with the fortress, 9 April 1865, about 300 in number. They were exchanged just prior to the surrender of the Department of Alabama, Mississippi and East Louisiana, 4 May 1865.
Field officers: Cols. Oland S. Rice (until reorganized); and Junius A. Law (Macon, captured at Blakeley); Lt. Cols. Junius A. Law (promoted); and John H. Echols (Macon, captured at Blakely); Majors John H. Echols (promoted); and I. W. Suttle (Coosa, captured at Spanish Fort).
63d Regiment of Alabama Infantry
- Less than 17 years old when he entered service.